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Mechanical and energy absorption behaviors of metal/polymer layered sandwich structures
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This article considers the sandwich structures with aluminium (Al) foams of various thicknesses in conjunction with skins composed of fibre-metal laminates (FML). The FMLs with Al sheet and glass fiber reinforced polypropylene (GFPP) composites were integrated with Al foam for composing the sandwich panels. The FML-foam sandwich systems were manufactured by hot pressing in a mold at 200°C under 1.5 MPa pressure. The bonding between the components of the sandwich was achieved by various surface modification techniques, i.e., silane surface treatment, PP adhesive film additition, and their combination. The Al sheet/Al foam sandwiches were also prepared by bonding the components with an epoxy adhesive for comparing the effect of GFPP on the mechanical performance of the sandwich structures. The energy absorption capacities together with compressive mechanical behavior of both Al foams and FML-foam sandwich systems were evaluated by flatwise compression tests. Experiments were performed on samples of varying foam thicknesses.