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Production of anorthite refractory insulating firebrick from mixtures of clay and recycled paper waste with sawdust addition
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Production of porous anorthite refractory insulating firebricks from mixtures of two different clays (K244 clay and fireclay), recycled paper processing waste and sawdust addition are investigated. Suitability of alkali-containing-clay, low-alkali fireclay, pore-making paper waste and sawdust in the products was evaluated. Prepared slurry mixtures were shaped, dried and fired. Highly porous anorthite ceramics from the mixtures with up to 30% sawdust addition were successfully produced. Physical properties such as bulk density, apparent porosity, percent linear change were investigated as well as the mechanical strengths and thermal conductivity values of the samples. Thermal conductivities of the samples produced from fireclay and recycled paper waste decreased from 0.25 W/mK (1.12 g/cm 3) to 0.13 W/mK (0.64 g/cm 3) with decreasing density. Samples were stable at high temperatures up to 1100 °C, and their cold strength was sufficiently high. The porous anorthite ceramics produced in this study can be used for insulation in high temperature applications. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.