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Cu2ZnSnS4-based thin films and solar cells by rapid thermal annealing processing
In this study, kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) absorber layers were fabricated by DC magnetron sputtering deposition of metallic Cu-Zn-Sn precursors, followed by an annealing treatment in sulfur vapor atmosphere at 600 °C for ...
Effect of heat treating metallic constituents on the properties of Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films formed by a two-stage process
In this study Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) thin films were grown by a two-stage process that involved sputter deposition of a Cu/Sn/Zn/Cu metallic stack, annealing the stack at various temperatures for 30 min, evaporation of a Se ...
Influence of copper composition and reaction temperature on the properties of CZTSe thin films
In this study Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) compound layers were grown using a two-stage technique that involved deposition of metallic precursors (Cu, Zn, and Sn) and Se in the first stage, followed by reaction of all the species ...
Growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber layer on flexible metallic substrates for thin film solar cell applications
In this work, Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) absorber layers were fabricated using a two-stage process. Sequentially deposited Cu-Zn-Sn thin film layers on metallic foils were annealed in an Ar + S2(g) atmosphere. We aimed to investigate ...