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Effect of colloidal interactions in the forming of lead magnesium niobate ceramics
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Electrokinetic properties of lead magnesium niobate (PMN) powders in liquid medium are investigated in this thesis. Isoelectric point of aqueous PMN suspensions was determined as a function of solids concentration. Dissolution character of both Pb+2 and Mg+2 cations in PMN structure were examined as a function of pH. Poly(acrylic acid)-poly(ethylene) oxide PAA/PEO comb polymers were tested as the novel dispersant in this system and their effect on the stability and flow behavior of aqueous PMN suspensions was investigated. Stability and flow behavior were mainly studied by rheological measurements and sedimentation experiments as a function of pH and polyelectrolyte concentration. Adsorption of comb polymers onto PMN surface and their effect on the powder dissolution were also investigated. Results indicated that the PAA/PEO comb polymers impart stability to PMN suspensions over a wide pH range and ionic strength where pure PAA fails. In the course of this study PMN powders were consolidated using two different wet shaping methods. First, PMN films were produced using aqueous tape casting method which is widely used in the manufacture of multilayer ceramic capacitors. Secondly, three-dimensional PMN lattices were produced using robocasting method. In the former case, the goal was to provide alternative recipes for the aqueous tape casting process to be utilized in industrial applications since the current technology is based on the organic solvent based techniques. Results showed that it was possible to produce high quality PMN films with thicknesses in the range of 10 to 250 .m using aqueous based tape casting process. In the latter case, the results showed that robocasting is a suitable technique for the preparation of three dimensional PMN ceramics. Based on these results overall conclusion and the contribution of this study can be summarized as follows: The work carried out gives new insights into the manufacturing of PMN based ceramics using aqueous based techniques. Such improvements may bring benefits in the manufacturing of smaller electronic components employed in the personal computers and mobile phones and other consumer products in the near future.
- Phd Degree / Doktora