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Excitonic luminescence in spherical core-multi-shell quantum dot structures
In this thesis, we studied excitonic light emission from core-multishell semiconductor hetero-nanocrystals having a spherically symmetric shape as a function of core size and shell thicknesses. Different combinations of semiconductors were considered in the core/shell/shell structure. The multilayer quantum dot structures that we considered were in A/B/A/B form, where A and B denote II-VI binary semiconductor crystals. We used method of finite differences to solve the Schrödinger equation of the confined exciton problem numerically. Several approximations including the effective mass approximation for the electron and hole masses, and treatment of Coulomb interaction as a perturbation, were employed. Normalized oscillator strengths for optical transitions and coexistence of multiple transitions from a single structure at several frequencies have been investigated. In this study, three different pairs of semiconductors are considered. One of them is (CdSe) ZnS) CdSe) ZnSe), other is (CdSe) CdS) CdSe) CdSe) and third one is (CdTe) ZnS) CdTe) ZnSe). According to our calculation, (CdSe)ZnS)CdSe)ZnSe) structure, when the core radius is 1.51 nm with some different shells combinations, has multi-color emissions from higher frequency to lower frequency in the visible spectrum. (CdSe) CdS) CdSe) CdSe) structure has multi-color emissions when the core radii are 2.02 nm and 2.52 nm yet this structure is the most inefficient structures which we analyse Moreover, multi-color emissions are obtained from the structure (CdTe) ZnS) CdTe) ZnS) when the core radii are 1.29 nm, 1.93 nm, 2.58 nm and 3.23 nm. Also, this structure has nearly white light emission for 3.23 nm core radius with 3 ML ZnS shell and 1 ML CdTe shell, and with 4 ML ZnS shell and 1 ML CdTe shell.