Realtime Access Map
Sorption of N2, Co2 and CH4 On the ultrasound enhanced cation exchanged x zeolites
MetadataShow full item record
Li+, Ca2+ and Ce3+ ions exchange on NaX zeolite under ultrasonic irradiation and the N2, CO2 and CH4 sorption on the zeolites obtained by using Zero Length Coulumn (ZLC) technique were studied. The kinetic and equilibrium of ion exchange were applied in the concentration range of 3-9 fold equivalent excess at 50 oC and 70 oC. The results obtained from the ultrasonic method was compared with the traditional method. Maximum exchange percent was obtained under ultrasonic irradiation as 76, 72 and 66 for Li+, Ca2+ and Ce3+ ions exchange, respectively. The kinetics of the ion exchange of Li+, Ca2+, Ce3+ ions into NaX zeolite has been investigated with models; pseudo first order, pseudo second order reaction models, intraparticle and external diffusion models. At initial, ion exchange is very fast kinetically and completed within about 15 min. After that both mechanism: intraparticle and external resistance are dominant which are proved with Biot number. The experimental conditions in zero length column are adjusted to control the adsorption under diffusion. The adsorbents selected for adsorption in ZLC have the convenient average pore diameters for CO2, N2 and CH4 adsorption. The kinetic gas selectivities, S(CO2/CH4), S(CO2/N2), S(N2/CH4) at 30 oC, 60 oC and 90 oC are lower than 5 for all the adsorbents. The lowest selectivity is obtained for NaX zeolite. The CO2 selectivity over CH4 and N2 are higher than N2 selectivity over CH4 for all the adsorbents S(CO2/CH4), S(CO2/N2) S(N2/CH4). This can be explained with the high electrostatic interaction and the low kinetic diameter of CO2 than the other gases.
- Phd Degree / Doktora