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The influence of binder content on the water transport properties of waterborne acrylic paints
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Diffusion coefficients and sorption isotherms of water in waterborne acrylic paint films and in the pure binder of the paints have been measured by gravimetric sorption. Solubility of water was found to enhance with the increased binder content in the paint films while the diffusivity of water decreased significantly. Sorption isotherms in the paint and pure copolymer films were correlated with the Flory Huggins theory and ENSIC model, respectively. Fickian diffusion was observed in both types of films and the kinetic data were best correlated with a numerical model which takes into account the concentration dependency of the diffusion coefficient and the dimensional change of the film due to sorption. It was concluded that the utilization of a simplified analytical solution may lead to significant errors in the estimation of diffusivities. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.