Slip Effects on Ionic Current of Viscoelectric Electroviscous Flows through Different Length Nanofluidic Channels
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The pressure driven slip flow of an electrolyte solution is studied through different nanofluidic channel lengths at varying salt concentrations. The viscous-thickening due to the electrostatic interactions within the electric double layer and the reverse ionic transport due to the streaming potential are developed. The influence of the Navier slip boundary condition is described under both electroviscous and viscoelectric effects with a surface charge regulation (CR) model while the observed behavior is compared and validated with molecular dynamic (MD) calculations from multiple studies. Results show that electroviscous and viscoelectric effects decrease transport. Earlier studies at the no slip boundary presented an increase of ionic current by increasing salt concentration and decreasing channel length. In contrast, our study found that the ionic current occurred almost independent of both salt concentration and channel length, except for very short channels and very low salt concentrations, when electroviscous and viscoelectric effects were considered. In the case of the constant slip length condition, ionic conduction was enhanced, but velocity slip developing on surfaces showed significant variation based on the salt concentration and channel length. This is due to the natural CR behavior enhancing the surface charge and consequential near surface electrohydrodynamics as a result of increase in salt concentration and/or decrease of channel length. Considering that the electroviscous effect alone creates up to 70% lower velocity slips than Poiseuille flow predictions, while further including the viscoelectric effect, results in an almost no-slip condition at high salt concentrations and/or short channels. As a result, the ionic current of a viscoelectric electroviscous slip flow is found to be equal to 1/3 of an electroviscous slip flow and to decrease with a decrease in the channel length.