Electrolytic Oxidation of 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene in Hot-Compressed Water on a Titanium Electrode
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The nitrogen-containing heterocyclic organic compound, 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), was chosen to prepare a model solution to represent nitrogen-containing industrial waste streams. A hybrid reactor system was designed to combine electrolysis with wet oxidation in hot compressed water using a titanium electrode. The effects of current density, NaOH concentration, and reaction time on DBU and total organic carbon (TOC) removal were investigated via Minitab 18 software to clarify the main and interaction effects. Statistical analysis shows that the NaOH concentration and current density had significant effects on DBU removal. The highest DBU (91.2%) and TOC (45%) removal was observed at the lowest DBU concentration (3 mM) for 90 min of reaction time. Last, the effect of temperature on DBU and TOC removal was investigated. TOC removal was described with the first-order reaction kinetic model. Rate constants were determined as 0.0025, 0.041, and 0.050 min(-1) at 200, 240, and 280 degrees C, respectively. The activation energy was calculated as 79.86 kJ/mol.