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Effect of heat treating metallic constituents on the properties of Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films formed by a two-stage process
In this study Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) thin films were grown by a two-stage process that involved sputter deposition of a Cu/Sn/Zn/Cu metallic stack, annealing the stack at various temperatures for 30 min, evaporation of a Se ...
Influence of copper composition and reaction temperature on the properties of CZTSe thin films
In this study Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) compound layers were grown using a two-stage technique that involved deposition of metallic precursors (Cu, Zn, and Sn) and Se in the first stage, followed by reaction of all the species ...
Cu2ZnSnS4-based thin films and solar cells by rapid thermal annealing processing
In this study, kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) absorber layers were fabricated by DC magnetron sputtering deposition of metallic Cu-Zn-Sn precursors, followed by an annealing treatment in sulfur vapor atmosphere at 600 °C for ...