Adsorption characteristics of lead-, barium- and hydrogen-rich clinoptilolite mineral
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The carbon dioxide and water vapour adsorption properties of local clinoptilolite-rich material, both as the original and as lead-, barium- and hydrogen-rich forms, were examined. The lead- and barium-rich forms were prepared by treatment of the original clinoptilolite with Pb(NO3)2 and BaCl2 respectively, while the hydrogen-rich form was prepared by NH4Cl and heat treatment. Water and CO2 adsorption experiments were conducted in a volumetric system under static conditions, with low-pressure adsorption data being used for the characterization of the natural, Pb-rich, Ba-rich and H-rich clinoptilolite samples. Although the existence of barium-exchange was not noted, an appreciable decrease in CO2 adsorption was observed with the Pb-rich and H-rich forms due to a decrease in the electrostatic interaction between the surface and the adsorbate. Application of the Dubinin-Astakhov equation to the water adsorption data established the existence of micropores of different sizes that exhibited different adsorption mechanisms.