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dc.contributor.authorUgranlı, Tuğba
dc.contributor.authorGüngörmüş, Elif
dc.contributor.authorKavcar, Pınar
dc.contributor.authorDemircioğlu, Eylem
dc.contributor.authorOdabaşı, Mustafa
dc.contributor.authorSofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
dc.contributor.authorLammel, Gerhard
dc.contributor.authorSofuoǧlu, Aysun
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-24T07:12:22Z
dc.date.available2017-07-24T07:12:22Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-01
dc.identifier.citationUgranlı, T., Güngörmüş, E., Kavcar, P., Demircioğlu, E., Odabaşı, M., Sofuoğlu, S. C., Lammel, G., and Sofuoǧlu, A. (2016). POPs in a major conurbation in Turkey: ambient air concentrations, seasonal variation, inhalation and dermal exposure, and associated carcinogenic risks. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(22), 22500-22512. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-7350-5en_US
dc.identifier.issn0944-1344
dc.identifier.urihttp://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7350-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11147/5996
dc.description.abstractSemi-volatile organic compounds were monitored over a whole year, by collection of gas and particle phases every sixth day at a suburban site in Izmir, Turkey. Annual mean concentrations of 32 polychlorinated biphenyls (∑32PCBs) and 14 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (∑14PAHs) were 348 pg/m3 and 36 ng/m3, respectively, while it was 273 pg/m3 for endosulfan, the dominant compound among 23 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Monte Carlo simulation was applied to the USEPA exposure-risk models for the estimation of the population exposure and carcinogenic risk probability distributions for heating and non-heating periods. The estimated population risks associated with dermal contact and inhalation routes to ∑32PCBs, ∑14PAHs, and some of the targeted OCPs (α-hexachlorocyclohexane (α-HCH), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH), heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, α-chlordane (α-CHL), γ-chlordane (γ-CHL), and p,p′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p′-DDT)) were in the ranges of 1.86 × 10−16–7.29 × 10−9 and 1.38 × 10−10–4.07 × 10−6, respectively. The inhalation 95th percentile risks for ∑32PCBs, ∑14PAHs, and OCPs were about 6, 3, and 4–7 orders of magnitude higher than those of dermal route, respectively. The 95th percentile inhalation risk for ∑32PCBs and OCPs in the non-heating period were 1.8- and 1.2–4.6 folds higher than in the heating period, respectively. In contrast, the 95th percentile risk levels for ∑14PAHs in the heating period were 4.3 times greater than that of non-heating period for inhalation, respectively. While risk levels associated with exposure to PCBs and OCPs did not exceed the acceptable level of 1 × 10−6, it was exceeded for 47 % of the population associated with inhalation of PAHs with a maximum value of about 4 × 10−6.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipScientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (ICTAG-C033); Izmir Institute of Technology (IYTE-BAP-20)en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.isversionof10.1007/s11356-016-7350-5en_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.subjectOCPsen_US
dc.subjectPAHsen_US
dc.subjectPCBsen_US
dc.subjectCarcinogenic risken_US
dc.subjectExposureen_US
dc.subjectPersistent organic pollutantsen_US
dc.titlePOPs in a major conurbation in Turkey: ambient air concentrations, seasonal variation, inhalation and dermal exposure, and associated carcinogenic risksen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.contributor.authorIDTR115933en_US
dc.contributor.authorIDTR59409en_US
dc.contributor.authorIDTR27717en_US
dc.contributor.iztechauthorUgranlı, Tuğba
dc.contributor.iztechauthorGüngörmüş, Elif
dc.contributor.iztechauthorKavcar, Pınar
dc.contributor.iztechauthorSofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
dc.contributor.iztechauthorSofuoǧlu, Aysun
dc.relation.journalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Researchen_US
dc.contributor.departmentİYTE, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Kimya Mühendisliği Bölümüen_US
dc.identifier.volume23en_US
dc.identifier.issue22en_US
dc.identifier.startpage22500en_US
dc.identifier.endpage22512en_US
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000387602800023
dc.identifier.scopusSCOPUS:2-s2.0-84983387713
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US


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