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dc.contributor.authorSofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
dc.contributor.authorSofuoğlu, Aysun
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-12T08:08:29Z
dc.date.available2017-04-12T08:08:29Z
dc.date.issued2017-04-10
dc.identifier.citationSofuoğlu, S. C., and Sofuoğlu, A. (2017). An exposure–risk assessment for potentially toxic elements in rice and bulgur. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. doi:10.1007/s10653-017-9954-1en_US
dc.identifier.issn0269-4042
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-017-9954-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11147/5291
dc.description.abstractRice and wheat are rich sources of essential elements. However, they may also accumulate potentially toxic elements (PTE). Bulgur, the popular alternative to rice in the eastern Mediterranean, is produced by processing wheat, during which PTE content may change. This study determined PTE concentrations in rice and bulgur collected from 50 participant households in the City of Izmir, Turkey, estimated ingestion exposure, and associated chronic-toxic and carcinogenic human health risks. Comparison of the determined concentrations to the available standard levels and the levels reported in the literature revealed that Cd, Co, and Pb in rice might be of concern. The estimated health risks of individual participants supported this result with exceedance of respective threshold or acceptable risk levels at the 95th percentile. Population risk estimates indicated that the proportion with higher than the threshold or acceptable risk is about 10%, 24%, and 12% for Cd, Co, and Pb in rice, respectively. Results of this study showed that health risks associated with PTE exposure through bulgur consumption are lower than those of rice, and below the threshold or acceptable risk levels.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.isversionof10.1007/s10653-017-9954-1en_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.subjectToxic elementsen_US
dc.subjectIngestion exposureen_US
dc.subjectRiceen_US
dc.subjectBulguren_US
dc.subjectHealth risksen_US
dc.titleAn exposure–risk assessment for potentially toxic elements in rice and bulguren_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.typeacceptedVersion
dc.contributor.authorID0000-0001-6990-0275en_US
dc.contributor.authorIDTR59409en_US
dc.contributor.authorIDTR27717en_US
dc.contributor.iztechauthorSofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
dc.contributor.iztechauthorSofuoğlu, Aysun
dc.relation.journalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Healthen_US
dc.contributor.departmentIzmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.departmentIzmir Institute of Technology. Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US


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