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Removal of metals and metalloids from acidic mining lake (AML) using olive oil solid waste (OSW)
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The acidic mining lakes have low pH values and high metal and metalloid concentrations. In this study, the ability of low-cost olive oil solid waste (OSW) to remove Al, As, Cd, Fe, B and Ti ions from aqueous solutions in short term has been evaluated. Adsorption capacities (mg g−1) of OSW (1:5–1:10 w/v) were 764.06–411.75 for Al, 0.26 for As, 0.07–0.14 for Cd, 2181.5–2406.5 for Fe, 23.70–82.50 for B and 0.12–0.0.34 for Ti. OSW addition increased acidic mine water (AMW) pH from 2.41 to 3.2 with 1:5 and from 2.41 to 2.7 to 1:10 mixing ratio, respectively, after 10 min. The best gradual decrease has been observed with different ratio of OSW applications on B and Ti concentrations. OSW adsorbs 32.41% and 62.68% of B at the ratio of 1:5 and 1:10 and 55.29% and 83.04% of Ti at the ratio of 1:5 and 1:10 (OSW:AMW) mixtures, respectively. The results show that OSW has great potential for metal removal from acidic mine water.