Estimation of mechanical properties of limestone using regression analyses and ANN
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Estimation of mechanical properties of rocks is important for researchers and field engineers working in cement and concrete industry. Limestone is used in cement production. In this study, Schmidt hammer, ultrasonic pulse velocity, porosity, uniaxial compression and indirect tension tests were conducted on limestone obtained from a historical structure. Regression analyses were used to develop models relating mechanical properties of limestone. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was performed to determine the mechanical properties. The performance of regression models and ANN were compared by existing models in the literature. The results showed that the regression models and ANN yield satisfactory performance with minimum error. The regression models between tensile strength and wave velocity, tensile strength and porosity, wave velocity and porosity have been developed for the first time in literature. The ANN is used for the first time to estimate the mechanical properties of limestone. The use of separate training and testing sets in the regression analyses of mechanical properties of limestone is conducted for the first time. The models developed in this study can be used by researchers and field engineers to relate the mechanical properties of limestone.