Hydrogenation-driven phase transition in single-layer TiSe2
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First-principles calculations based on density-functional theory are used to investigate the effects of hydrogenation on the structural, vibrational, thermal and electronic properties of the charge density wave (CDW) phase of single-layer TiSe2. It is found that hydrogenation of single-layer TiSe2 is possible through adsorption of a H atom on each Se site. Our total energy and phonon calculations reveal that a structural phase transition occurs from the CDW phase to the T d phase upon full hydrogenation. Fully hydrogenated TiSe2 presents a direct gap semiconducting behavior with a band gap of 119 meV. Full hydrogenation also leads to a significant decrease in the heat capacity of single-layer TiSe2.