Combining shape-based and gradient-based classifiers for vehicle classification
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In this paper, we present our work on vehicle classification with omnidirectional cameras. In particular, we investigate whether the combined use of shape-based and gradient-based classifiers outperforms the individual classifiers or not. For shape-based classification, we extract features from the silhouettes in the omnidirectional video frames, which are obtained after background subtraction. Classification is performed with kNN (k Nearest Neighbors) method, which has been commonly used in shape-based vehicle classification studies in the past. For gradient-based classification, we employ HOG (Histogram of Oriented Gradients) features. Instead of searching a whole video frame, we extract the features in the region located by the foreground silhouette. We use SVM (Support Vector Machines) as the classifier since HOG+SVM is a commonly used pair in visual object detection. The vehicle types that we worked on are motorcycle, car and van (minibus). In experiments, we first analyze the performances of shape-based and HOG-based classifiers separately. Then, we analyze the performance of the combined classifier where the two classifiers are fused at decision level. Results show that the combined classifier is superior to the individual classifiers. © 2015 IEEE.