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Regio- and stereoselective synthesis of 2,3,5-trienoates by palladium-catalyzed alkoxycarbonylation of conjugated enyne carbonates
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Palladium-catalyzed carbonylation of 2,4-enyne carbonates in an alcohol and under balloon pressure of CO proceeds through 1,5-substitution to yield (E)-2,3,5-trienoates. The olefin geometry of the substrate is important to control the overall stereochemistry of this alkoxycarbonylation method. The reaction proceeds through successive formation of π-allylpalladium with an R3 group oriented syn and σ-allenyl palladium complexes.