Partial Al foam filling of commercial 1050H14 Al crash boxes: The effect of box column thickness and foam relative density on energy absorption
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The crushing behavior of partially Al closed-cell foam filled commercial 1050H14 Al crash boxes was determined at quasi-static and dynamic deformation velocities. The quasi-static and dynamic crushing of the boxes were simulated using the LS-DYNA. The results showed that partial foam filling tended to change the deformation mode of empty boxes from a non-sequential to a sequential folding mode. In general, the experimental and simulation results showed similar mean load values and deformation modes. The SEA values of empty, partially and fully foam filled boxes were predicted as function of box wall thickness between 1 and 3 mm and foam filler relative density between 0 and 0.2, using the analytical equations developed for the mean crushing loads. The analysis indicated that both fully and partially foam filled boxes were energetically more efficient than empty boxes above a critical foam filler relative density. Partial foam filling, however, decreases the critical foam filler density at increasing box wall thicknesses.