Compression testing of a sintered Ti6Al4V powder compact for biomedical applications
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In this study, the compression deformation behavior of a Ti6Al4V powder compact, prepared by the sintering of cold compacted atomized spherical particles (100–200 Am) and containing 36–38% porosity, was investigated at quasi-static (1.6 10 3–1.6 10 1 s 1) and high strain rates (300 and 900 s 1) using, respectively, conventional mechanical testing and Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar techniques. Microscopic studies of as-received powder and sintered powder compact showed that sintering at high temperature (1200 8C) and subsequent slow rate of cooling in the furnace changed the microstructure of powder from the acicular alpha (a) to the Widmanst7tten (a+h) microstructure. In compression testing, at both quasi-static and high strain rates, the compact failed via shear bands formed along the diagonal axis, 458 to the loading direction. Increasing the strain rate was found to increase both the flow stress and compressive strength of the compact but it did not affect the critical strain for shear localization. Microscopic analyses of failed samples and deformed but not failed samples of the compact further showed that fracture occurred in a ductile (dimpled) mode consisting of void initiation and growth in a phase and/or at the a/h interface and macrocracking by void coalescence in the interparticle bond region.