Use of public lands for mass housing projects in the privatization process-İzmir case
Physical structure of today' s cities and selections of social status in urban space have been existing with the effect of property phenomenon. Thus, examination of policies, institutional structures and implementations concerning the property ownership of urban land and transformation of these lands into urban lots has great importance. Existence of public lands forms and important potential for directing urban development and for providing insufficient urban facilities. In our country, comprehensive policies concerning the use and stock of public lands have not been developed, large urban facility areas have been randomly formed by using public lands without examining if they were suitable or not and these have been affecting urban macroform. Moreover, development amnesties have been enacted after the development of public lands and plans have been prepared, later. Property has been turned over to private property while using public lands for these purposes. In the city of izmir, municipality or treasury owned public lands on developed areas have started to be filled with sqautter houses; with mass housing settlements built by municipalities, cooperatives and Real Estate Bank. Basic examination of the study is; which policies were applied 10 property supply and using forms in the development of public lands as mass housing areas inside izmir Metropolitan Area and problems have occured during the implementation process of those policies. The goal of finding the answers of these questions is to make a contribution to the formation of more coherent policies in the use of public lands. In this study, it was goaled to examine mass housing areas built on public lands inside izmir Metropolitan Are4,- on the base of property supply and using Wrms. Therefore, firstly data concerning the generaL characteristics and land selections of these areas were presented. Evka-l, iz-Kent-l and izk.onut-l developments.were-selectd as study areas related to the transfer and using ownership processes and using and transfer ratios of the renting position of these dwellings by their first owners were given. Key Words: Public lands, Land and Housing Policies, Privatization, Mass Housing.