Aqueous interactions of zeolitic material in acidic and basic solutions
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Aqueous interactions of natural zeolitic material in as-received and modified forms were studied. The zeolitic materials was interacted with acidic (hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, acetic acid) and basic (sodium hydroxide) solutions. Ion exchange, adsorption, complex formation, precipitation and cation hydrolysis were possible interaction mechanisms affected by the amount and cation content of zeolite and pH. The dominant mechanisms seemed to be ion exchange and adsorption in HCl solution when zeolite was used in the as-received form, but dissociation of outer-sphere complexes when modified zeolite was used. In lactic acid, acetic acid as well as the basic solution, cation hydrolysis and complex formation were additional mechanism in the interactions. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.