Nonlinear finite element modeling of reinforced concrete structures under impact loads
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The methods available in the literature for the analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to impact loads generally exhibit some deficiencies in aspects relating to applicability, practicality, and accuracy. The shear-dominant behavior of RC members under impact loads creates another significant shortcoming, because modeling the shear behavior of RC has long been a challenging issue. This study aims to present and verify a nonlinear finite element analysis procedure employing the Disturbed Stress Field Model, based on a smeared rotating crack approach, as an advanced method of modeling shear behavior under impact conditions. The proposed methodology has a wide range of applicability, and displays fast solution time while providing extensive and accurate information on structural behavior. The methodology was tested by analyzing a set of RC beams subjected to impact loads. A high level of accuracy was demonstrated in various comparisons between test and analysis results, including peak and residual displacements, crack profiles, and reinforcement strains.