Adaptive resource allocation for multicast OFDM systems with multiple transmit antennas
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We evaluate the impact of multiple transmit antennas on the performance of multicast OFDM systems by proposing a suboptimal low complexity algorithm. Associated with a powerful erasure code, it is possible to increase the data rate of multicast OFDM systems by selecting for each subcarrier to the users with a good channel condition. We show that the resource allocation which includes the precoding vector selection, subcarrier allocation and bit loading is a difficult optimization problem. We propose a suboptimal algorithm to solve this problem by avoiding the optimization to reduce complexity. When the users are not symmetrically distributed around the base station, we add a fair scheduler to guarantee that each user receives the same amount of data. We present simulation results where we compare the proposed multicast systems with the classical multicast OFDM systems. When the users are symmetrically distributed around the base station, the gain is rather small, whereas when the users are non-symmetrically distributed, the proposed algorithm outperforms OFDM systems with subcarrier allocation.